What is society in Bengali?: By looking at the title of the article, you may have realized that today we are What is society (society meaning in Bangla) and why is society needed? I am going to discuss this in detail.
The world-famous Greek philosopher Aristotle once said, “By nature, all human beings are social animals.”
According to him, if a person is antisocial, then he is not antisocial because of an unpleasant accident, or he is an animal or a superhuman animal.
According to Aristotle, the importance of society comes first in terms of the existence of any individual.
That is, no human being in this world is above society.
In order to live, people have to live in the shelter of one or another society.
Since human beings have to be dependent on each other in order to live together and live together, human beings have to be grouped together.
Now the question is, What is society or what is society?
What is society or what is society?
Generally speaking, when a group of people are dependent on each other for the purpose of survival and for the purpose of survival, then there is no form of society.
That is to say, a group of people who become dependent on each other for selfish reasons is called a society.
According to the definition of society in sociology, society is a population of people of the same geographical location, culture and conversation.
In a society, it is imperative to have two or more speakers of the same language, and thinkers, and they should be known to each other.
People in each ethnic group differ from one another in terms of country, geographical distance and language usage.
According to sociologists, there is no fixed definition of society.
According to sociologists McIver and Page, society is an abstract entity.
Although we can see the totality of the population, we cannot see the society or the structure of the society.
I can only perceive the external aspects of society.
Also, sociologist Talcott Parsons says that society is a term that explains the complexity of the relationship between man and his colleagues.
What are the characteristics of society?
Explaining the definition of society, some of its obvious features are observed.
1. Society is actually made up of people.
2. Society is totally dependent on every human being.
3. Every level of society is completely dependent on each other.
4. The goal is achieved through division of labor and division of responsibilities in the society.
5. There is a feeling of unity and cooperation in the society. It is more or less a standing association.
. Society is ever-progressive and society is a controlled and orderly structure.
. The fulfillment of the group’s wishes and interests is achieved through social cohesion and concerted efforts.
. The members of the society have a spirit of mutual cooperation and tend to share common interests.
9. This society is made up of many similarities and differences. Similarities such as needs, norms and activities and differences such as attitude, appearance, talent and personality are all known as part of the society.
Civilizations have variability because there are similarities or differences between people.
Otherwise, society and culture would have stopped in one place.
10. The perception of society is abstract, because even if it can be felt in the existing imagination of social relations, it is not possible to see or touch it.
11. Society is governed by mutual awareness, constant mutual awareness, and maintaining inter-relationships with the members.
12. Cooperation and conflict both affect society. As there is cooperation and conflict among the people, there is speed in the management of the society.
One man is incapable of running a society without cooperation.
On the other hand, if conflict does not exist in society, then according to Marx’s theory of modern conflict, society will become stagnant and people will become inactive.
What are the elements of society?
Simply put, the main component of society is people.
In fact, man has been able to build his society by centering the nation.
A family is made up of a group of people.
And this family is also a special part of the society. A society is made up of different families.
Mankind has created various kinds of institutions for the proper management of the society.
Such as- houses, schools, colleges, universities, offices, commercial establishments, financial institutions, places of worship and so on.
Also, according to sociology, there are several elements of society theoretically,
The contribution of likeness or similarity in the coexistence of a social group is one of them.
In a word, of any population They belong to the same society because of common ancestry, tribal affiliation, family affiliation or harmony.
Similarity means reciprocity. And a society is created from this similarity.
McIver says that intimacy, intimacy and the depth of a relationship depend on mutual understanding.
And in order to build this understanding, a similar element is absolutely necessary for any section of the society.
Similarity plays a significant role in strongly stimulating the feelings of the group and in bringing together the women, men and children of the group.
Similarity is very important to create reciprocity.
Elements such as amorphous are not always sufficient in the case of society.
In addition to similarity, diversity is an essential element of social organization. Since society is made up of many families, there is a distinct biological diversity of men and women in each family.
On the other hand, the economic structure of society is divided through the division of labor. And the economic structure depends entirely on the livelihood and activities of the people.
Every human being’s temperament, nature, manners, talents, everything is different from each other. Each of them often has different thoughts, ideologies and attitudes.
And because of their differences, society is always moving.
Every human being strengthens the organization of society on the basis of their interests, abilities, qualifications and tendencies. However, the individual characteristics of each person never give rise to conflict.
There must be some differences to run a society properly.
If everyone were the same, their social relationships would be extremely limited. The reciprocity and exchange between them would have been greatly reduced.
Absence of contrast can create monotony and apathy in human life. We can never think of a society where everyone is an adult, or everyone is young or everyone is old.
Only when the society is in turmoil can it be possible to realize the contribution of the society.
3. The Reciprocal Awareness
Similarity or reciprocity creates reciprocity. Those who are aware of their mutual similarities are able to find their own similarities with others very easily.
These two elements of similarities and differences are directly linked to the betterment of society.
It is this mutual awareness that helps to find similarities between peoples. Almost all social activities are dependent on interactions.
This mutual awareness deepens the mutual emotional relationship between the people of a community. Which helps to unite them.
4. Differences, which are subject to similarity (Differences, subordinate to the likeness)
Although the meaning of society is similar, this statement is not entirely true. Differences can never form a society alone.
Therefore, differences as elements of society are always subordinate elements of similarity. Sociologist McEver argues that the initial similarities and major differences play an important role in the division of labor in any social organization.
The evolving conflicting management mechanism is used to resolve these differences. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person.
Society is governed by interdependence. This important element also plays an essential role in the formation of society. People can never fulfill their desires alone.
It is impossible for people to live alone. In order to survive, people must depend on others in one way or another.
For example, when it comes to increasing the number of family members in a family or society, people of both sexes are dependent on each other.
In this case society depends on biological interdependence. People of these two sexes are completely dependent on each other.
Also, the continents, starting from the country at present, also depend on each other directly or indirectly. Even communities, social groups, and nations are interdependent.
Mutual cooperation of people also plays an important role in the formation of society. No society can function without cooperation.
If different people belonging to the same society do not cooperate with each other for their own goals, it will never be possible for them to form a healthy, normal society.
Also, no one can ever live a happy and comfortable life.
Cooperation helps maintain the economic stability of the society. According to sociologists, when people are aware of their common interests, they come forward to cooperate with each other.
Also, p. Gisbert says that cooperation is a very basic process of social life, without which the formation of society is absolutely impossible.
Conflict is an ever-present element in any society. In addition to cooperation, conflict is also needed in the formation of society.
Cooperation and conflict, the presence of both elements is desirable for building a healthy society.
According to George Simmel, the existence of a conflict-free society is virtually impossible.
In order to build a society, just as harmony and cooperation are needed, so are the elements of inequality and conflict.
Why does society need it?
Society is an important part of human life. Since human beings are social beings, everything from human birth, upbringing and death is built around this society.
The rules of this regular society are necessary in the life of each of us.
We want protection and comfort from society.
Basically society helps to form groups and culture.
This society helps in distributing and controlling the benefits of the people. After all, society unites people. The basic needs of the society are-
1. Social support:
The main purpose of society is to turn people into an organized group.
So that they can support each other in different ways.
Only when faced with difficult situations do people realize the importance of society.
Being a member of a social group, people can easily get the physical, mental, financial or medical help they need from the society.
2. Social group formation:
A society works like a network. These networks help to establish good relations between people.
And it is these relationships that help build social communication within each individual. It is through society that people of different communities are able to communicate among themselves.
As a result, a strong social bond is created around the world.
Society plays an important role in establishing family system and organized relationships. Which serves as the lifeblood of any society.
3. Organization of cultures:
Culture is also one of the most important elements of society. People in every society follow their own culture. Which plays a special role in their lives.
Culture influences people’s way of life.
The influence of this culture on the activities of society is particularly significant. Art, language, literature and religion strongly influence human culture.
People belonging to the same culture adhere to the same traditions, cultural values and beliefs.
Management is one of the most important elements of society. One of the duties of the society is to provide public health, education and transportation.
In addition, society plays a leading role in meeting the basic needs of the people.
And, in order to carry out all these arrangements properly, people in the society depend on the government or the ruling organization.
This system of government helps in controlling the natural and human resources of a country.
5. General goal:
Every person in the society should keep in mind the welfare of each other.
The main goal of any society is to move forward together for the betterment of its people.
As a part of society, it is the duty of every human being to take all people aside and take collective decisions for the purpose of achieving common goals.
Our last word,
So we found out through today’s article, What is society in Bengali? What are the characteristics of society? And Why society needs In each of these cases.
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